FABRICATION AND ERECTION OF STRUCTURAL STEELWORK - GOOD PRACTICE AND GUIDELINES
Steel Structure derives most of its competitive advantage from the virtues of prefabricated components, which can be assembled speedily at site. Unlike concreting, which is usually a wet process conducted at site, steel is produced and subsequently fabricated within a controlled environment.
This ensures high quality, manufacture offsite with improved precision and enhanced speed of construction at site.
Engineers should emphasise on it so that better practices may be considered and implemented and to increase awareness of the safety and regulatory requirements.
The specification should be written to cover:
1. Unloading and erecting structural steel components (e.g., girders, diaphragms, jacking beams, stiffeners, girder cover plating) as shown and described on the Drawings and in the Specifications.
2. Supplying and installing bearings, including grout pads (where applicable).
3. Design, supply, fabrication, installation, maintenance, and removal of temporary falsework (where applicable).
4. Design, supply, delivery, installation, maintenance and removal of erection bracing, temporary wind bracing, lateral stability bracing, longitudinal ties, and other temporary works for structural steel girders; and
5. The quality control (QC) testing of all materials and the Work.
Structural steel fabrication is a multifaceted process that requires specialized knowledge, skills, and resources to complete successfully to create structural steel beams, components, or equipment, a good metal fabricator follows a specific process:
Step 1: Ideation
The ideation stage can be as creative or as standard as the client desires. When you partner with a fabricator who provides custom structural steel solutions, you have the freedom to order unique pieces specific to your project. Whether you need beautiful, handcrafted ornamental rails or straightforward caged ladders, a custom fabricator can adhere to your exact needs.
Step 2: Blueprint/Drawing Creation
During ideation, your vendor will listen to you and draw up blueprints using specialized engineering software. You can come prepared with your own blueprints or drawings for this stage. Review your vendor’s blueprints to verify correct requirements, code compliance, and specifications.
Step 3: Convert Blueprints Into Shop Drawings
Your vendor will convert project blueprints into shop drawings for the completion of the order. The shop drawings and plans will adhere to the logistics of your project, such as deadlines and budget. Shop drawings are what the manufacturer uses to bring the blueprints to fruition.
Step 4: Cut and Drill Steel Beams
The vendor will have special tools, such as saws, shears, lasers, punches, notches, and plasmas to cut and drill the steel beams according to project blueprints. More advanced equipment produces higher quality results, faster.
Step 5: Piece Etching
Your vendor will etch each piece with a unique part number and plate location. This makes final assembly on site fast, easy, and accurate, eliminating costly mix-ups and project delays.
Step 6: Component Assembly
Once your vendor finishes cutting and forming the components of your project, the team will weld and assemble the pieces. At this stage, the fabrication team will check to make sure all pieces assemble correctly and match order specifications.
Step 7: Custom Part Machination
If you request any custom metal fabrication, your vendor will create custom parts at this stage. Custom parts are ideal when you need components to fit a specific structure or product. You may need custom part machination if standard looks or sizes are not right for your project, either in function or aesthetics.