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  • Lee Wai Seng, Alex

STEEL STRUCTURES – THE FUTURE OF STRUCTURES


If you are looking for the most cost-effective building type, it is important to consider your potential long-term savings along with your initial investment in any shape of structures, let us think about steel structure.


WHAT IS STEEL STRUCTURE?

Steel structure is a metal structure which is made of structural steel.

Structural steel is steel construction material which fabricated with a specific shape and chemical composition to suit a project’s applicable specifications.

Depending on each project’s applicable specifications, the steel sections might have various shapes, sizes and gauges made by hot or cold rolling, others are made by welding together flat or bent plates.


Common shapes include the I-beam, HSS, Channels, Angles and Plate.

Steel structure components connect with each other to carry loads and provide full rigidity.


Because of the high strength grade of steel, this structure is reliable and requires less raw materials than other types of structure like concrete structure and timber structure.

In modern construction, steel structures are used for almost every type of structure including heavy industrial building, high-rise building, equipment support system, infrastructure, bridge, tower, airport terminal, heavy industrial plant, pipe rack, etc.

Some of the common steel structure types are:

 Frame structures: Beams and columns

 Grids structures: latticed structure or dome

 Prestressed structures

 Truss structures: Bar or truss members

 Arch structure

 Arch bridge

 Beam bridge

 Cable-stayed bridge

 Suspension bridge

 Truss bridge: truss members


WHY IS STEEL STRUCTURE THE BEST CHOICE?


1. COST SAVINGS

Steel structure is the cost leader for most projects in materials and design. It is inexpensive to manufacture and erection, requires less maintenance than other traditional building methods.


2. CREATIVITY

Steel has a natural beauty that most architects cannot wait to take advantage of. Steel allows for long column-free spans, and you can have a lot of natural light if you want it in any shape of structures.


3. CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT

Steel structures is fabricated at factory and rapidly erected at construction site by skilled personnel that makes safe construction process. Industry surveys consistently demonstrate that steel structures are the optimal solution in management.


4. DURABILITY

It can withstand extreme forces or harsh weather conditions, such as strong winds, earthquakes, hurricanes, and heavy snow. They are also unreceptive to rust, and, unlike wood frames, they are not affected by termites, bugs, mildew, mold and fungi.

Today, steel buildings have become the best alternative to traditional timber or concrete structures due to the flexibility that the steel allows and also the strength, durability, and longevity of these amazingly designed buildings.


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